Thursday, April 22, 2010
This is a place of significant historic interest.
Prior to the second world war, Holland was home to many Dutch citizens of Jewish descent. Most of them lived in Amsterdam. The "Schouwburg" in Amsterdam was a prominent theater in the Jewish section of Amsterdam.
During the war (June of 1942) the Schouwburg was used as the gathering place for the Dutch Jews. They were transported by cattle train from here to the concentration camps, mostly to Auschwiz, but also to Sobibore, Bergen Belsen, and Theresienstad.
Of the 110,000 Jews that were sent here only 6000 survived, and returned after the war. The Schouwburg is used as memorial to this tragedy. One of the walls has the names of all the Dutch Jews who did not return.